Three colors, pizza and… imagination. Pizzas all have the same basic recipe: flour, yeast, salt, oil and water. But there are countless possible variants. Here is our version of the Pizza Tricolore.
The Pizza Tricolore is no ordinary pizza. The dense green rocket is added last and so avoids the oven, the fresh red cherry tomatoes are lightly blanched, and the milky white mozzarella completes the three colours of the Italian flag. The Pizza Tricolore is also a way for Italy to affirm its historical, cultural and culinary identity and inventiveness at table. Do you know when this pizza was invented?
The Pizza Tricolore in version 1.0
Nominally ‘invented’ in Naples in the first half of the 19th century, over time the pizza has become a global dish, prepared in all countries and by all nationalities with totally different culinary traditions.
The first pizza chef to become famous was Domenico Testa, who in Naples served a pizza for the Queen of the then Kingdom of the two Sicilies towards the mid-19th century. The news evidently spread, because in the summer of 1889, when Umberto I – sovereign of the united Kingdom of Italy – and Queen Margherita arrived in Naples for a holiday, they decided to try a pizza. Don Raffaele Esposito and his wife Rosa Brandi, the owners of a successful pizzeria, were summoned to court to make some royal pizzas.
Don Raffaele prepared three pizzas, and one of them featured a novelty: mozzarella. The latter came from the idea of offering the King and Queen a pizza tricolor with the colors of the Italian flag: red tomatoes, white mozzarella and green basil. The Queen was particularly pleased with the three-colored pizza, and Don Raffaele immediately took advantage of this regal approval: next day, the new Pizza Margherita was being served at his pizzeria, soon becoming one of the world’s favorite dishes. Today, in fact, pizzas (tricolori and not) can be bought anywhere, from pizzerias to supermarkets, restaurant chains or kiosks: a dish with no borders.
What’s the Pizza Tricolore’s secret?
One of the reasons for the planetary success of the pizza is its versatility: the ultra-simple basic recipe lends itself to an infinity of variations, adapting to every different taste and palate, from the simplest to the most refined. On top of the ungarnished pizza, anything can go, permitting a more or less light meal, but one that is always nourishing. The pizza is also basically an inexpensive dish, respecting the culinary tastes of various nationalities, and can be accompanied by all kinds of drinks: beer, soft drinks from Coca Cola to orange juice, water, wine, sake… and so on. On top of this, pizzas make it possible to socialize in numbers without having to carry out elaborate preparations, as you can confirm with our Pizza Tricolore recipe.